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Global LED lighting market regulations and promote the evolution to high​


"July 2009 Obama met at the White House in the United States eight LED enterprise's CEO, pointed out that can save a lot of energy LED lighting technology and the emergence of new products very excited about the future. The US has 22 per cent of electricity is used for lighting , and promote LED lighting will be expected to reduce this proportion to 60%. "Professor Jiang Fengyi Nanchang University to accept the" China Electronics News "reporter. The energy crisis and the rise of awareness of energy saving, global LED lighting market continues to grow. Since the LED-technology and capital-intensive industry in one, EU, US, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan and so on in China continue to increase investment, to guide research institutions and enterprises focus on R & D of high-end LED technology and new products, seize the LED lighting industry, technology ground.

LED and traditional lighting gradually combined

Governments actively developing environmental regulations prohibit the use of incandescent lamps. Traditional lighting giant introduced new LED light source, to accelerate the formation of a new business model.

As the global lighting electricity consumption topped the total annual electricity consumption by 20%, of which up to 90% of the energy is converted into heat energy consumption, it is not cost effective, in environmental protection, energy saving considerations, LED lighting has quickly become a popular concern technology and industry. At the same time, governments actively developing environmental laws and regulations in the double benefits to stimulate the market, the size of the global LED industry showed rapid growth trend.

LED lighting advantage is self-evident. High luminous efficiency LED lights, long life, its luminous efficiency can reach 2.5 times the fluorescent, incandescent lamp 13 times. Incandescent luminous efficiency is very low, only 5% of the electrical energy into light, 95% of the electrical energy into heat wasted. Incandescent lamp is relatively better, 20% to 25% of electrical energy into light, but there are also 75% to 80% of the energy is wasted. So from the point of view of energy utilization efficiency of view, these two light use efficiency is very low. Therefore, LED lighting produce obvious benefits. Australia in 2007 introduced the world's first legislation prohibiting the use of incandescent lamps, the EU adopted in March 2009 about the phase-out of incandescent regulations. Therefore, the two major international traditional lighting company Osram and Philips in recent years to speed up the layout in the field of LED lighting. They promoted the rapid development into the LED lighting market, but also accelerated the pace of LED technology advances.

With the rapid development of LED lighting industry in the field of traditional lighting giant hope that by introducing a new source of design lighting products leaving more innovative. Therefore, LED lighting and traditional lighting two areas are gradually combined to accelerate the formation of a new lighting business model, which is very conducive to rapid spread of the use of LED lighting.

Global semiconductor lighting research programs and progress

Japan: the 21st Century lighting plan

In 1998, financed by the MITI, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) and metal Research and Development Center (JRCM) responsible for the implementation of the "21st Century Lighting Plan" was officially launched, participating institutions including four universities, 13 companies and an association. The entire program budget is 60 billion yen. Japan has completed the first phase of the objective of the program is currently implementing the second phase of the project, aims to 2010, the luminous efficiency of light emitting diodes up to 120 lumens / watt (lm / w). The core of the plan is to focus on growth, preparation and high efficiency white phosphor for high-power die of high quality materials and the like, to carry out research projects, including basic research gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor light-emitting mechanism, modified for ultraviolet light emitting diode epitaxial growth method, for the study of large area substrates for homoepitaxial growth, the development of phosphors excited by the ultraviolet light emitting diodes produce white light, and used to produce a white LED light source.

USA: The Next Generation Lighting Initiative

US Department of Energy in 2000 started the national semiconductor lighting research program, known as "the next generation of lighting plan" (NGLI), will invest a total of $ 500 million to support the implementation of the plan. The program has been included in the US "energy bill" by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and photovoltaic industry association (OIDA) responsible for the implementation, a total of 13 national key laboratories, companies and universities to participate. Key research directions are: reduction and conversion efficiency improvement emitting diode costs, solid state physics problem gallium nitride (GaN) materials, metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) process-related, optimized for low defect density substrate and device structure Wait. Subsequently, the US Department of Energy to develop a "solid-state lighting research and development program", the plan for the semiconductor lighting identified two directions inorganic light-emitting diodes and organic light emitting diode (OLED), it has been amended several times. DOE also in April 2007 issued a "solid-state lighting commercially supported the five-year plan," the draft, it is commercial activity product also provides a basic framework.

EU: semiconductor lighting program

The European Union in July 2000 implementation of the "Rainbow Project" to promote white light emitting diode applications. The program established by the EU executive research Administration (ECCR) responsible for the organization, commissioned six large companies, two universities performed research is the development of one of the elements gallium nitride-based lighting. "Rainbow Plan" in the end of July 2003, the program promoted the growth of the European high-brightness outdoor lighting market. October 2004, the EU officially launched the "information and communication technology for high brightness and lighting the organic light emitting diode" Project (OLLA), funding for the project is about 20 million euros, by the EU's Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) in The Information Society Programme (IST) are also available. Project consists of eight EU member states from six universities, eight institutes and 10 companies together.

South Korea: GaN-based LED development plan

In 2000, the South Korean government to develop a "GaN semiconductor development plan" and set up light industrial revitalization will organize and implement (KAPID) responsible for planning, involving semiconductor lighting research projects include gallium nitride as a material of white light emitting diode Wait. South Korea's "solid-state lighting plan" has been approved by the Government, from 2004 to 2008 the government invested $ 100 million, the company offers a 30 percent matching funds, the goal of the program is 2008 luminous efficiency of 80 lumens / watt.

UK: LED for lighting plan

British Business, Enterprise and Reform, (DBERR) (former Ministry of Trade and Industry) in July 2007 launched the "effective lighting solutions for a new light-emitting diode" program (NoveLELS), aims to develop new GaN chip technology, The LED light source commercialized. The plan was 3.3 million pounds of funding from the UK business, enterprise and reform department, and the British Government Technology Strategy Committee and to provide more than 1.7 million pounds of funding.

China Taiwan: lighting development plan

China Taiwan region is also organizing the implementation of the "New Century lighting development plan" to study the contents are divided into epitaxial growth and chip processing, packaging and application feasibility evaluation of products, information platform and testing platform. Some photoelectric enterprises after years of R & D investment and industrial development, in the device epitaxial process and packaging and material aspect has several independent intellectual property rights.

Emphasis on standards and testing of advanced countries

· While countries have different technical characteristics, but all means take advantage of patent protection of its core technology, and arranged in a tight worldwide patent network.

· Advanced countries and regions are all the standards and testing in an important position to regulate the market, accelerate the promotion and application of semiconductor lighting products.

In recent years, the world's semiconductor lighting industry booming, the major developed countries and regions have developed LED development plan, the government needs to promote and market the dual role, the global semiconductor lighting industry has formed the industrial distribution and competition the United States, Europe, Asia, the three pillars of pattern, with Asia to Japan, South Korea, China-based. Among them, the United States and Japan in the field of upstream epitaxy and chip preparation is a world leader. China Taiwan region on the upstream and midstream chip package strength can not be underestimated. In Europe, the traditional lighting giant Philips, Osram etc. into a strong semiconductor lighting industry. While countries have different technical characteristics, but all means take advantage of patent protection of its core technology, and arranged in a tight worldwide patent network.

Application in the market, due to the voice of the world's increasing energy conservation, just above several semiconductor lighting industry developed countries, demand for LED products rest of the world are growing. As can be seen in recent years, the world's largest lighting exhibition "Frankfurt, Germany" Exhibition, LED exhibition has occupied the position of absolute advantage, a variety of new products emerging LED, LED light source to replace incandescent and other traditional view is increasingly being recognized and LED lighting is likely to break the traditional way to change people's habit of using a light source. However, it should be noted that the United States, Japan, Germany and other countries are still in the semiconductor lighting industry in high value-added areas dominated.

It is worth noting that these are all the advanced countries and regions standards and testing in an important position to regulate the market, accelerate the promotion and application of semiconductor lighting products. In this regard the United States put a lot of manpower and resources, not only to the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) led semiconductor lighting detection technology conducted in-depth research, and a number of organizations and agencies individually or jointly issued the 12 LED relevant standards, and another dozen items are working on the process by which the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) published LM-79 and LM-80 and other technical specifications on a global scale has a broad and deep influence. Germany has always been adhering to the strict style, by the German Agency for Technical Physics Institute (PTB) to lead the domestic industry spent a lot of testing technology and standardization research. More importantly, the United States and Germany are all use their technological superiority and influence in international organizations, and international standards for the right to speak in the field of semiconductor lighting. In the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and other organizations, the United States, Europe and Asia for standard-setting power of the competition has been fierce.

Global LED output value will remain an annual growth rate of more than 25%

· Actively implement the semiconductor lighting development plans in various countries and regions, the rise of the semiconductor lighting industry to the national strategic level for system deployment.

· Global has initially formed three regions of Asia, North America and Europe as the center of the LED industry, distribution and competition.

In recent years, the rapid development of semiconductor lighting industry, will gradually enter the general lighting field, the United States, Europe and various Asian countries and regions have been actively implement semiconductor lighting development plans, and even to rise semiconductor lighting industry to the national strategic level for system deployment, such as US "national semiconductor lighting research projects," "solid-state lighting (SSL) research and development program," Europe "Rainbow Plan", the Japanese "21st Century Lighting" program, South Korea, "photoelectron emitting semiconductor industry branch -GaN plan." Global initially formed in three regions of Asia, North America and Europe as the center of the LED industry, distribution and competition.

Technical level, Japan's Nichia (Nichia) and Toyoda Gosei (ToyodaGosei), American Career (Cree), Philips lumen (Lumileds), Osram (Orsam), Seoul Semiconductor (Seoul semiconductor) and other international manufacturers representing the global LED The highest level, leading the development of semiconductor lighting products industry. Currently, power white LED light effect device commercialization of Cree's highest level of 132lm / W. According to the United States, Japan, South Korea and other semiconductor lighting roadmap judgment 2015 LED light effects will fully reach 150lm / W or more, LED trend to replace incandescent, fluorescent and other traditional sources has become the industry consensus. On the current level of the world's highest in terms of R & D, Cree in February 2010 it announced that its laboratory data has reached 208lm / W, which is a landmark record with.

Market applications, according to DigiTimes recently released a research report, to benefit from the rise of LED TV and LED lighting effect gradually replace traditional lighting technologies, LED output increased in 2010 grew by 55.6 percent in 2009, global LED output will be at 25% per annum above growth.

Semiconductor lighting products in the Japanese market, sales growth has been far ahead of other countries, Japan NEC, Sharp, Toshiba, Panasonic, Hitachi and other major lighting manufacturers have launched a low-cost semiconductor lighting products, currently in many Japanese consumer electronics stores are to see a variety of LED bulbs. According GKF Japan survey showed, the number of domestic sales in December 2009 the Japanese domestic market LED bulb is about 33 times in July, and the next one to two years is expected to remain more than 10 billion yen scale growth.

US market access very strict Energy Star standards, UL certification costly and cumbersome, plus affected by the financial crisis in 2008, LED lighting market in the US market has not really started. According to the US Solid State Lighting LED development roadmap, LED lighting fluorescent lighting will begin to enter the market in 2012, respectively, in 2012 and 2020 will be largely replaced incandescent and fluorescent lamps.

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